A four-week program involving Indonesia’s knowledge sector (University of Gadjah Mada, Hasanuddin University, Nusa Cendana University) commenced in February 2017. Supported by the Australian Government’s Australia Awards Fellowship, 11 participants addressed current challenges in sustainable fisheries management. These challenges included: the elimination of destructive fishing practices, improving cold chain management, and developing management plans/harvest strategies at community level. The link between traditional wisdom (e.g. Sasi), evidence-based approaches to fisheries assessment, and policy is particularly important as it is difficult to practically regulate more than 2 million fishers, most of them operating out of small coastal villages. Collective action linked to practical and realistic harvest strategies offer opportunities to add value to subsistence or artisanal fishing operations.