A successful two week program for 25 participants in Sustainable Aquaculture has been completed in Australia. Funded by the Australian Government under its Australia Awards Indonesia initiative, the participants came from Government (Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries), Industry (fish and shrimp farmers), the Knowledge Sector (Universities) and NGOs. Australia produces high value products from low volume aquaculture. It successfully links the knowledge sector through research and development to develop successful Aquaculture industries (e.g. pearls, salmon, shrimp, fish, aquafeed). Australia has a well integrated training and education sector linked to industry needs. In comparison, Indonesia lacks these linkages. Although Indonesia is the number two producer of seaweed in the world (behind China), its production is comparatively low value. Indonesia’s current government policy is to increase the income of producers by developing viable aquaculture businesses based on value adding and on quality assurance/sustainability. This will require developing its human resources particularly those in regional Indonesia (beyond Java). People development for, aquatic animal health, feed and nutrition, brood stock development, aquaculture systems and, more generally, good aquaculture practice (GAP) is needed through a coordinated approach (government, industry, the knowledge sector). In Australia, the Indonesian participants visited the Australian Animal Health Laboratories (CSIRO’s world leading facility for aquatic animal health). They participated in a Food Innovation Workshop led by Monash University’s Food Innovation Centre. While in Melbourne, the Indonesians inspected Industries developing innovation in cold chain management (solar-powered refrigeration) and live seafood transport systems. They toured tropical aquaculture facilities in Queensland and discussed shared challenges with expert Industry practitioners (freshwater fish, grouper, barramundi, shrimp). The participants visited the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation (FRDC) where they learnt of co-investment programs developing Australia’s valuable aquaculture industry. While in Canberra, they discussed biosecurity, quality assurance, and international trade in seafood with experts from the Australian Government (Department of Agriculture and Water Resources). Before returning to Indonesia, they visited the Sydney Fish Market a thriving centre of seafood trade but also a major tourist attraction. Australia and Indonesia can build on this constructive collaboration for the benefit of both countries. Further programs are planned.