Indonesia is emerging as a leading provider of the world’s seafood. In particular, aquaculture is producing large quantities of fish, shrimp, and seaweed. Yet these large quantities of seafood have disproportionately lower value when compared with Australia’s much smaller seafood sector. Australia produces high value seafood based on a highly regulated wild catch and aquaculture sector. It has an innovative approach to supply chain management reinforced by robust training, education and research & development. A recent short course on “Aquaculture Bench marking” supported by the Australia Awards Indonesia program was completed in Australia by 27 Indonesian delegates. They represented the government, knowledge sector, and private industry. Best practice was extended through research (including centres of excellence in selective breeding and macroalgal technology) at James Cook University (JCU). JCU also extended best practice in aquatic animal health (disease management and prevention) together with the Australian Animal Health Laboratory (CSIRO). Site visits (Queensland) demonstrated innovation in shrimp, fish, and seaweed aquaculture including aquaculture systems (e.g. water treatment, re-circulation, energy management) and nutrition (aqua-feed development and application). Value adding through improved supply chain management, marketing, and distribution was also extended through industry experts servicing global seafood markets. The linking of Indonesia’s immense human and natural resources through Australian expertise and innovation is mutually beneficial to both nations. Indonesia aims to capture greater prosperity through improved value and sustainability of its seafood resources. Australia aims to play a role by extending world’s best practice in aquaculture through research & development, training and education.